SUICIDE ASSESSMENT FOR A POSITIVE EPDS SCREEN (#10)
Are you asking the hard questions? Do not make the mistake of thinking that she looks too good to be that sick. Every single woman who walks into your office could be having thoughts of hurting herself. Regardless of how she looks, what she says, how she speaks, or what she does.
All clinicians administering the Edinburgh Screen should ask the following questions to every patient who answers #10 with a 1, 2 or 3. (The thought of harming myself has occurred to me) Or any patient who expresses thoughts or desires, (passive or active) to harm themselves.
These questions are in no particular order and have not been validated in any way. It is recommended that these or similar questions be part of the initial clinical interview when triaging a woman with postpartum depression.
√ How often are you having thoughts of hurting yourself?
√ Do you ever have passive thoughts, like just wanting to be invisible? Or wishing you could sleep and not wake up? Or maybe if you just drove your car off the road?
√ Are you able to describe any of the thoughts you are having to me?
√ Have you ever had thoughts like this before?
√ What happened the last time you had these thoughts?
√ Does your partner know how bad you are feeling? If not, why not?
√ Who do you consider your most primary connection for emotional support?
√ Does this person know how you are feeling? If not, why not?
√ Does anyone in your family know how you are feeling?
√ Have you ever acted on suicidal thoughts before?
√ How do you feel about these thoughts you are having?
√ Do you have specific thoughts about what you would do to harm yourself?
√ If you do have a plan, do you know what is keeping you from acting on it?
√ Are there weapons in your home? Or do you have access to any?
√ Do you have access to medications that could be harmful to you?
√ Is there anything else you can think of that I can do right now to help you protect yourself from these thoughts?
√ Have you thought about what the implication would be for your baby?
√ Do you feel able to contact me if you feel you cannot stop yourself from acting on these thoughts?